Frugal Maniac Super Deals - Improving MPG's - Pennington, MN
Frugal Maniac  - Where Cheap Does Not Have to Mean Inadequate!
Learn how to frugaly improve your gas mileage!
Topoff MPG the home of going to the station topping off your fuel tank and leaving while you still hav money in your pocket!
This what MPG is and how to figure out how to find your MPGs
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Hello and welcome to Topoff MPG the home of increased gas mileage. This department will go through the steps it takes to accomplish better gas mileage for the vehicles you drive. Starting with basic modifications and finishing with a highly advanced MPG machine. We will start with items that you can do that do not cost anything but a little bit of your time, and cover the general maintenance that you needed do anyway. As we progress through this article by way of numeric order we will explore the different ways that you can improve your MPG's. These are ideas and tricks that increased MPG's on our personal vehicles (grandpa's truck got 7 MPG more, I got around 4. I like the gas pedal he drove like a grandpa). These all save you money when you visit your local gas station.
Step One:
The first and the most important and inexpensive item to complete in the search to obtain better MPG's is to check the air pressure in your tires. When your tires air pressure is low it creates greater resistance, this extra resistance equals fewer MPG's because the vehicle is working harder so it uses more fuel. The next thing to do is remove any unneeded weight from your vehicle (If it is not needed it should not be there). The lighter your vehicle the less the engine works to move down the road.
When you have completed the two mentioned inexpensive modifications to your vehicle then it is time to do a standard tune up. A tuned upvehicle runs at its highest efficiency this equals higher MPG's.
Air Pressure:keeping the max air pressure in your tires equals less resistance against the road that you are driving on. Less resistance is the key to better MPG's.
Tune up: To keep your engine running like a top it is always a good idea to keep the engine tuned up, good air filter, oil and oil filter, fuel filter, fluids, spark plugs and spark plug wires, cap and rotor are all things that improve your engine making it run like a fine tuned watch. This equals better MPG's which equals cash in your pocket.
             Air Pressure:
Air Gauge:Always keep the air in your tires at max pressure this makes so that you have less resistance when traveling down the road this equals higher MPG's. A good air gauge helps to monitor the air pressure, there are even valve stem caps that will let you know if your tire loses air.
A portable 12 volt air compressor is an inexpensive option to have in your vehicle that can save you in times of need. It will also help so that you can keep the air in your tires at the perfect pressure at all times no matter were you are at.
              Tune up:
Increasing the air flow through the fuel system equals better MPG's. Your engine is a big air pump the increased air flow equals better MPG and an added bonus is Horsepower. 
The ignition of your vehicle is one of the most important part of your engine. This ignites the fuel in the piston cylinder which causes the explosion that makes your piston go down. If your ignition is not working to its highest efficiency it will not get the proper amount of spark to ignite the fuel. The best way that I can explain it is if you have a lighter and you are trying to light a fire. If your lighter is set on the low setting the flame is low and not very hot now turn the lighter up to the high setting you have a larger hotter flame that ignites what you are trying to start on fire your ignition is the same way. If it is not in proper working order it is like having a lighter set on low trying to ignite all of the fuel coming into your engine.
Synthetic oils help engine parts to move freely compared to standard oil, the easier it is for your engine internals to move the less fuel it takes to move.
Synthetic Oils:  reduce friction in your engine,  transmission and Drivetrain. Less friction means better MPG's.
If you drive a vehicle that has over 100000 miles it is time to change the oxygen sensor. The oxygen sensor controls the air fuel mixture, if it is running rich you are dumping liquid gold out your exhaust. If it is running to lean you could burn up your engine, that gets more costly than extra MPG's.
A good PCV is cheap and just one link in a perfect running engine.
Step Two:
The second step to getting better MPG's when searching for higher fuel economy, involves how much you drive. When you estimate the miles you drive VS the money that you are going to spend directly effects how many of the upgrades that you really want to perform. The next step generally starts costing you money; some of the upgrades have small results in improved MPG's and take longer to reclaim the money that was spent. While other upgrades pay off fairly quick. We will discuss this with each improvment that you will make and give you an estimate of what you should expect. Not all of the upgrades work on ever single vehicle. There are a lot of claims out there that say they will give you amazing amounts of MPG's, as a rule always figure low so you will not be surprised if it does not do what it claims. The most we have ever seen was a 10 MPG increase while a different make and model with the same upgrades got only 2 MPG's. So beware!!!!!!!!!!!
Air Intake System:
From cold air intake to throttle body spacers there is a lot of modifications  that can be done to improve the air intake system. The great thing is that it improves MPG's
P.S. The bonus is that you get more Horsepower!
Cooling Improvements:
On the older vehicles that still use a mechanical fan/ clutch fan, these fans can be replaced with an electric fan this frees up a lot of extra load on the engine that can be taken care of fairly easy. One thing that you can do here is search a automotive recycling yard, this helps to soften the impact on your pocket book. You will need to locate a fan, a wiring kit and the thermostat control. With the extra load on the engine freed up you can increase the MPG's and gain a little bit of horsepower.
A free flowing exhaust improves the exit of all of that extra air that you now have flowing through your engine. With out a good exhaust you will not be able to take full advantage of the new air intake that you now have. The easier that you make it for your engine to exhale all of the bad gases in the cylinder out the tailpipe, the easier time it will have the next time it fires, it will have clean air in the cylinder for a more efficient burn rate. All of this once again equals better MPG's.
An improved ignition can increase the spark intensity, how many times that Spark plug sparks per time that it is that spark plugs turn to fire and can increase the intensity of your spark for a hotter spark that ignites the fuel better. With these added features you can improve your MPG's.
You can use some of the chips, programmers and modules in a way that will promote better MPG's. Some of these get expensive and some of them will sometimes make claims that are unrealistic, so beware and do your research.
 Xtra MPG's:
The Last thing I will go over are a few more areas that could give you better MPG's. I have done them and they worked so I figured I would pass them on. AC Delete Pulley, Magnetic Fuel Saver and Underdrive Pullies.
        Air Intake System:
The cold air intake system takes a little more work and a few more tools. Another thing to think about, the high flow replacement is less expensive then a cold air intake. However the cold air intake will give you greater MPG's and increased performance because it help you deliver a colder denser fuel charge. I have in the past made my own cold air induction (see picture on right) system with a piece of 3” to 4” o.d. pipe (PVC, Solid Aluminum, etc), silicone couplers, some hose clamps  and purchased a cone filter that is the size of the pipe. Make the pipe as straight of a pathway as possible to your throttle body or carburetor. Straight equals a clear path to the fuel system and does not slow down the air velocity. The above design is one that is of my own opinion some claim that this does not work and that it is a waste of time. I however have had good results and the proof is in extra MPGs. Click the links above to get the parts that you need to create your cold air intake.
A throttle body spacer increases the cfm of the intake. The increased air equals better torque, horsepower and MPG's.
You can buy on of these here or you can follow the directions on the left and make your own. It will save you money!
These devices claim that they displace the air in the intake air stream and will help atomize the fuel for  better combustion. In theory the better the gas is atomized the easier it is to ignite causing a better burn rate which in turn gives you better horsepower and MPG's. I have used these devices before and have had mixed results one vehicle had an awesome improvement while another had no improvement. This is one for you to weigh out for a possible improvement or possible non improvement.
              Cooling Improvements:
Find an electric cooling fan you can purchase one or if you feel comfortable putting a cooling system together your self you can find a fan in the recycle yard. Find one with a comparable engine so you can match the are flow that you need or you can find two an make a push and pull system. This little trick will do a lot for you MPG's and give you extra Horsepower that is being used by your mechanical fan.
Fan wiring kit: the wiring kit makes it eaiser to wire in the fan and includes all of the need relays and installation supplies.
Fan kit frees up engine load and gives you more Horsepower and better MPGs
Thermostat Control: The thermostat controls help so the fan will turn on when the engine is up to temp. This helps so that you do not over heat.
A Catback  exhaust will help the air that is trying to escape from your engine leave quicker and easier. The quicker you can get the exhaust to leave, the engine will run better. HOWEVER if you get to big of an exhaust you will lose torque. And if you do not have enough back pressure you will start burning valves which would be catastrophic. A free flowing exhaust equals better MPG's and more Horsepower.
The quicker you can get the exhaust to leave, the engine will run better. HOWEVER if you get to big of an exhaust you will lose torque. And if you do not have enough back pressure you will start burning valves which would be catastrophic.
This help keep the engine compartment cool helping you to have a denser and colder squirt of fuel.
The quicker you can get the exhaust to leave, the engine will run better. A longer tubed header will give you increased torque.  HOWEVER if you get to big of an exhaust you will lose torque. And if you do not have enough back pressure you will start burning valves which would be catastrophic.
The quicker you can get the exhaust to leave the engine, the better the engine will run better. HOWEVER if you get to big of an exhaust you will lose torque. And if you do not have enough back pressure you will start burning valves which would be catastrophic.
The quicker you can get the exhaust to leave, the engine, the better the engine will run better. HOWEVER if you get to big of an exhaust you will lose torque. And if you do not have enough back pressure you will start burning valves which would be catastrophic.
High flow cat will give you extra MPGs
Exhaust wrap keeps more heat in your exhaust and less in the engine compartment
  As you can see it is important do the modifications but if you do not research and do what is right for your automobile you could reap great rewards or you could suffer catastrophe.
These units make so that instead of only having your spark plug fire once it will fire multiple times, this increases the combustion. This will make your vehicle start better no matter what time of year, increase power and increase MPG'S.
Increased voltage makes the intensity of the spark hotter for a more complete fuel combustion.
These units will help charge the ignition coil for the highest output of voltage that the coil can produce.
A good set of sparkplug wires insulate the core of the wire making so the wire has no loss of spark due to being grounded out. A good set of plug wires improve the efficiency of the ignition which generates better MPG's.
This is a 3300 ohm resistor that make you computer think that it needs to adust the fuel. This works on the two wire intake air Temp sensor. Instead of pluging your IAT in to the sensor bend the resitor so that each end will go into one wire of the plug, wrap with electric tape so that it does not get we or fall out. Always unhook the battery and start afterwards to make sure it works on your car. It does not work on all makes.
These little chips make your computer think that it needs to regulate your fuel in more efficiant manner.
These  modules make the  computer think that it needs to regulate your fuel in more efficiant manner.
These programmer adust the settings in the computer for more horsepower and MPGs.
       Xtra MPG's 
If you have an A\C that does not work or you do not use you can replace the A\C pump with an A\C bypass pulley. This will free up some unnecessary engine load which in turn equals better MPGs. However keep in mind that once the A\C system gets air in it you are on a small time table to repair it or it will turn into an expensive fix. If you take out the A\C this could also affect the resale value of your vehicle. Always think of your future plans for the vehicle when you do a modification like this.
These claim that through magnetism it can help distribute the fuel molecules more evenly by increasing the distance between them. This can put more oxygen between the particles, increase their ability to burn and result in greater MPGs and lower emissions. I have personally used these and they have worked on some vehicles and not worked on others. They use rare earth magnets to do this. You can purchase these magnets and make one of these yourself if you are a DIYer.
Underdrive pullies decrease the load on the engine which in turn increases the MPGs and gives you a few extra horsepower.
Third Step: